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Diabetes — Myths About Sugar

Diabetes is a disease in which the body is unable to produce or properly use insulin to control the levels of glucose (blood sugar) within the bloodstream. Diabetes results when there is too much glucose in the bloodstream. Diabetes affects the entire body—the cardiovascular system, circulation, eyesight, kidney function, and the nervous system. Don’t fool yourself: sugar can be dangerous. It’s no secret that we as humans often crave a piece of chocolate or another sweet dessert from time to time, but few of us know how much hidden sugar is in everyday items such as soft drinks, candy, pastries, cookies, and canned fruits.We all know there is sugar in the chocolate we crave, but did you know that ketchup is actually high in sugar? Researchers at Emory University found that participants consumed an extra 320 calories in added sugars throughout any given day. Those extra calories can really add up!

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system, which is supposed to protect your body from illness and infection, begins to attack and destroy your insulin-producing hormones. Because of the lack of insulin, glucose builds up in your bloodstream instead of being transported to your cells. While the causes of Type 1 diabetes are still unknown, scientists believe that genetics and environmental factors play a key role in the development of this condition. In Type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells become resistant to the action of insulin. Because of this, your body is unable to regulate blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and occurs most often in people who are overweight.


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