This randomized phase III trial compares yoga, survivorship health education program, and cognitive behavioral therapy in reducing sleep disturbance (insomnia) in cancer survivors. Insomnia can be described as excessive daytime napping, difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, or waking up earlier than desired. Insomnia can increase fatigue, impair physical function, impair immune function, cause circadian rhythms (known as the biological clock) to be disrupted and decrease quality of life. Yoga may improve circadian rhythms, physical and immune function, and improve insomnia and sleep quality in cancer survivors. It is not yet known whether yoga is more effective at treating insomnia than a health education program or cognitive behavioral therapy program.
Key Inclusion Criteria
For a patient to be eligible for participation in this study, all of the following criteria must apply.
- Have a confirmed diagnosis of cancer
- Have received surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy
- Have completed all surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy within the last 2-60 months
- Meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-V criteria for insomnia and score >= 10 on the Insomnia Severity Index
- Be able to read and understand English
- Be able to provide written informed consent
Key Exclusion Criteria
A patient will not be eligible for participation in this study if any of the following criteria apply.
- Have contraindications to functional testing or yoga participation according to the treating physician
- Have practiced yoga >= 1 day a week within the 3 months prior to enrolling in the study
- Be planning to start yoga on their own during the time they are enrolled in the study
- Have a confirmed diagnosis of sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome
- Be receiving any form of treatment for cancer with the exception of hormonal or biologic therapy
- Have distant metastases