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This randomized phase II trial studies how well whole-brain radiation therapy or stereotactic radiosurgery with or without lapatinib ditosylate works in treating patients with breast cancer that has too many of a protein called human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) on its cells and has spread to the brain. Radiation therapy uses high energy X-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Stereotactic radiosurgery is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Lapatinib ditosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether whole-brain radiation therapy or stereotactic radiosurgery together with lapatinib ditosylate is an effective treatment for brain metastasis from breast cancer.
At least 1 measurable unirradiated parenchymal brain metastasis within 21 days prior to study entry; patients who are to undergo SRS must have no more than 10 brain metastases; there is no limit on number of brain metastases for WBRT; the minimum size as measured on T1-weighted gadolinium-enhanced MRI must be as follows according to the number of brain metastases:
Patients may also have the following provided the size requirements above are met:
Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:
Kathy Queen, RN864email@example.com
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