The knee joint is composed of three bones that connect in the middle of your leg — the thighbone (runs up your upper leg), the shinbone (runs down your lower leg) and the kneecap. It is also made up of several ligaments, cartilages and muscles.
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Injuries to the knee are often caused by repetitive overuse of the knee joint or a traumatic injury. Athletes are especially prone to knee injuries.
When you experience an injury to the bones, muscles, ligaments or cartilages of the knee, the physicians and physical therapists with Spartanburg Regional Healthcare System Rehabilitation Services can help heal your knee pain and get you back to an active lifestyle.
Causes of Knee Pain
Below are the most common knee injuries and conditions:
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. This ligament sits between your kneecap and your shinbone. When it tears due to sudden movement of the knee, it is extremely painful. It is a common injury for athletes who play basketball, soccer and football.
- Chondral defects. This condition describes damage to the cartilage of the knee.
- Hamstring strain. Your hamstring muscles run from your knee, up the back of your thigh. When this muscle becomes strained (pulled or stretched out too far), it is painful.
- Knee bursitis. Bursa are small, jelly-filled sacs that sit between your bones and help prevent them from rubbing together. When you overuse your knee joint and the bursas of your knee become inflamed (irritated), your knee bones rub together, causing pain.
- Knee osteoarthritis. This condition, which often occurs in older adults, is caused by overuse of the knee joint. It causes the knee to become painful and stiff.
- Meniscus tear. The meniscus are pieces of cartilage that sit between your kneecap and shinbone. When this cartilage tears due to a sudden twist of the knee, it is extremely painful. A meniscus tear is a common injury for athletes.
- Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). This condition, which most often occurs in children, is caused by a separation of the knee bones due to low blood supply.
- Patellar fracture. The patellar bone is your kneecap. When it breaks due to traumatic injury, it is very painful.
- Proximal tibial fracture. The proximal tibial is the top of your shinbone that connects to your kneecap. When it breaks due to a traumatic injury, it causes extreme pain.
- Quadriceps tendinitis. The quadriceps tendon connects your kneecap to your quadriceps muscle in the front of your thigh. When this tendon becomes inflamed (irritated) due to overuse, it can cause chronic pain.
Treatments for Knee Pain
When you experience chronic knee pain or a traumatic injury to your knee, our specialists will evaluate if nonsurgical treatments through Spartanburg Regional Rehabilitation Services will help heal your pain.
Examples of nonsurgical treatments include wearing a cast or brace, taking anti-inflammatory medications, steroid injections, doing physical therapy exercises or resting the injury.
Knee injuries often require surgery. Our specialists are experienced in both total and partial knee joint replacement surgeries and are committed to getting you back to an active lifestyle as quickly as possible.
When surgery is necessary, we create a comprehensive, individualized plan for each patient to get you ready for surgery, as well as achieve a successful rehabilitation following surgery.
Throughout your care, we’ll coordinate every aspect of the treatment process with a variety of joint specialists at Spartanburg Regional Healthcare System. We provide rehabilitation services throughout your hospital stay, as well as after care when you return home.
You are one of the most important members of your healthcare team. Therefore, we created “The Joint Camp” at Pelham Medical Center and Spartanburg Medical Center to help you with this role. The program includes education so you’ll know what to expect at each phase of your care, from your first appointment to recovery so you can quickly and safely return to the activities most important to you.
Talk to your doctor about a referral to physical or occupational therapy. With the referral, we can schedule you for an evaluation right away and together take the first steps towards improvement or recovery.
480 Floyd Road, Suite A
Spartanburg, SC 29307
Pelham Medical Center
4th floor of main hospital
250 Westmoreland Road
Greer, SC 29651
Sports Medicine Institute - Upward Star Center
9768 Warren H. Abernathy Highway
Spartanburg, SC 29301
Thomas E. Hannah YMCA
151 Ribault Street, Suite 200
Spartanburg, SC 29302