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Advanced Cancer, ALT-803 in Combination With PD-1/PD-L1 Checkpoint Inhibitor (QUILT-3.055)

QUILT-3.055: A Phase IIb, Single-Arm, Multicohort, Open-Label Study of ALT-803 in Combination With PD-1/PD-L1 Checkpoint Inhibitor in Patients Who Have Disease Progression Following an Initial Response to Treatment With PD-1/PD-L1 Checkpoint Inhibitor The

Overview

Overview

This is a Phase IIb, single-arm, multicohort, open-label multicenter study of ALT-803 in combination with an FDA-approved PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor in patients with advanced cancers who have progressed following an initial response to treatment with PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor therapy. All patients will receive the combination treatment of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor plus ALT-803 for up to 16 cycles. Each cycle is six weeks in duration. All patients will receive ALT-803 once every 3 weeks. Patients will also receive the same checkpoint inhibitor that they received during their previous therapy. Radiologic evaluation will occur at the end of each treatment cycle. Treatment will continue for up to 2 years, or until the patient experiences confirmed progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity, withdraws consent, or if the Investigator feels it is no longer in the patient's best interest to continue treatment. Patients will be followed for disease progression, post-therapies, and survival through 24 months past administration of the first dose of study drug.

Key Inclusion Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria

For a patient to be eligible for participation in this study, all of the following criteria must apply.

  • Voluntary written informed consent and HIPAA authorization and agree to comply with all protocol-specified procedures and follow-up evaluations
  • Cohort 1 will enroll patients who have disease progression per RECIST v1.1 on or after single-agent checkpoint inhibitor therapy after experiencing an initial response (ie, confirmed CR or PR by RECIST V1.1) while taking checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Patients will be enrolled into distinct cohorts (1a-1k) based on cancer type.

Patients must have been treated with checkpoint inhibitor therapy after progressing on SoC therapy for their disease, as per FDA indication detailed below:

  • 1a - For metastatic squamous or nonsquamous NSCLC with progression on or after nivolumab, pembrolizumab, or atezolizumab, initial SoC therapy must have been for disease with progression on or after one prior platinum doublet-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have had disease progression on FDA-approved targeted therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving checkpoint inhibitor.
  • 1b - For metastatic SCLC with disease progression on or after nivolumab monotherapy, initial SoC treatment must have been for disease with progression after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least one other line of therapy prior to receiving checkpoint.
  • 1c - Locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma as follows:
  • For patients with progression on or after nivolumab monotherapy, initial SoC must have been for disease with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy.
  • For patients with disease progression on or after pembrolizumab, initial SoC therapy may have been for locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma ineligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy with PD-L1 tumor expression of CPS ≥ 10 (as determined by FDA-approved test), OR metastatic urothelial carcinoma not eligible for any platinum-containing chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status, OR locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy.
  • For patients with disease progression on or after atezolizumab, initial SoC therapy may have been for locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma not eligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy that expresses PD-L1 (PD-L1 stained tumor-infiltrating immune cells [IC] covering ≥ 5% of the tumor area, as determined by an FDA-approved test), OR not eligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status, OR with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy.
  • For patients with disease progression on or after avelumab, initial SoC therapy may have been for locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy.
  • 1d - Recurrent or metastatic HNSCC as follows:
  • For patients with disease progression on or after nivolumab monotherapy, initial SoC treatment must have been for disease with progression on or within 6 months of a platinum-based therapy administered in the adjuvant, neoadjuvant, primary (unresectable locally advanced), or metastatic setting.
  • For patients with disease progression on or after pembrolizumab monotherapy, initial SoC treatment must have been for disease with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy, or after platinum-based chemotherapy administered as part of induction, concurrent, or adjuvant therapy.
  • 1e - For histologically confirmed metastatic MCC with progression on or after avelumab or pembrolizumab, initial SoC therapy must have been for disease with progression on or after chemotherapy administered for distant metastatic disease; OR recurrent locally advanced or metastatic MCC not treated with prior systemic therapy for advanced disease.
  • 1f - Metastatic melanoma as follows:
  • For patients with disease progression on or after nivolumab administered as a single agent, in combination with ipilimumab, or in the adjuvant setting, initial SoC treatment must have been for unresectable or metastatic melanoma with progression on or after ipilimumab treatment, and if BRAF V600 mutation positive, a BRAF inhibitor; OR BRAF V600 wild-type unresectable or metastatic melanoma previously untreated in the metastatic setting; OR previously untreated, unresectable, or metastatic melanoma not previously treated with anti-CTLA4 antibody; OR completely resected melanoma with lymph node involvement, or stage IIIB/C or stage IV metastatic disease.
  • For patients with disease progression on or after pembrolizumab therapy, initial SoC treatment must have been for unresectable or metastatic melanoma with no prior ipilimumab, and no more than 1 prior systemic treatment for metastatic disease. Patients with BRAF V600E mutation-positive melanoma were not required to have received prior BRAF inhibitor therapy; OR unresectable or metastatic melanoma with progression, refractory to ≥ 2 doses of ipilimumab (3 mg/kg or higher) and, if BRAF V600 mutation-positive, a BRAF or MEK inhibitor, and disease progression within 24 weeks following the last dose of ipilimumab.
  • 1g - For advanced RCC with progression on or after nivolumab monotherapy, initial SoC therapy must have been for disease that progressed after 1 or 2 prior anti-angiogenic therapy regimens. For intermediate or poor risk previously untreated advanced RCC, patients must have progressed on or after nivolumab + ipilimumab.
  • 1h - For recurrent locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with progression on or after pembrolizumab, initial SoC therapy must have been for disease that progressed on or after ≥ 2 prior lines of therapy including fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy and, if appropriate, HER2/neu-targeted therapy. Tumors must express PD-L1 (combined positive score [CPS] ≥ 1), as determined by an FDA-approved test.
  • 1i - For recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with progression on or after pembrolizumab, initial SoC therapy must have been for disease that progressed on or after chemotherapy. Tumors must express PD-L1 (CPS ≥ 1), as determined by an FDA-approved test.
  • 1j - For HCC with progression on or after pembrolizumab, initial SoC treatment must have been for disease that progressed on or after sorafenib or intolerant to sorafenib. Patients must have had measureable disease and Child-Pugh class A liver impairment. For HCC with progression on or after nivolumab, initial SoC treatment must have been for histologically confirmed HCC with progression on sorafenib or intolerant to sorafenib, and Child-Pugh class A.
  • 1k -Unresectable or metastatic MSI-H or dMMR solid tumors as follows:
  • For patients with progression on or after nivolumab administered as a single agent or in combination with ipilimumab, initial SoC therapy must have been for MSI-H or dMMR metastatic CRC with progression on or after treatment with a fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, and irinotecan-based chemotherapy.
  • For patients with progression on or after pembrolizumab, initial SoC therapy must have been for unresectable or metastatic MSI-H or dMMR solid tumors with progression after prior treatment and no satisfactory alternative treatment options; OR unresectable or metastatic MSI-H or dMMR CRC with progression after treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.
  • For cohort 2, patients with NSCLC whose tumors have high PD-L1 expression (TPS ≥ 50%) and who have disease progression by RECIST v1.1 on a PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor after experiencing an initial confirmed CR or PR by RECIST v1.1 when they received checkpoint inhibitor as a single-agent for first-line treatment.
  • For cohort 3, patients with NSCLC who had an initial confirmed CR or PR by RECIST v1.1 but subsequently relapsed (ie, disease progression by RECIST v1.1) on maintenance PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor therapy when they initially received checkpoint inhibitor therapy in combination with chemotherapy as first-line treatment.
  • For cohort 4, patients with NSCLC, HNSCC, RCC, or urothelial carcinoma who are currently receiving PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor therapy and have disease progression after experiencing SD by RECIST v1.1 for at least 6 months during their previous treatment with PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor therapy.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Measurable disease by CT or MRI, as defined by RECIST v1.1
  • Treatment of at least 3 months and 1 imaging assessment indicative of a confirmed CR or PR (in accordance with RECIST V1.1) with checkpoint inhibitor (no more than 6 weeks of treatment interruption immediately prior to study enrollment).
  • Patients with genomic tumor aberrations should have received prior treatment with an FDA-approved targeted therapy (if available)
  • Current progressive disease, as defined by RECIST v1.1
  • Adequate organ system function within 14 days of baseline:
  • ANC ≥ 750/µL (≥0.75 x 10^9/L)
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/µL (≥100 x 10^9/L)
  • Hemoglobin > 8 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin < 2.0 x ULN
  • AST < 3.0 x ULN
  • ALT < 3.0 x ULN
  • eGFR > 45 mL/min
  • Men and women, ≥ 18 years of age
  • Female participants / women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must adhere to using a medically accepted method of birth control up to 28 days prior to screening and agree to continue its use during the study or be surgically sterilized (e.g., hysterectomy or tubal ligation) and males must agree to use barrier methods of birth control while on study. WOCBP must agree to use effective contraception during treatment and for at least 5 months following the last dose of study treatment.
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test during Screening and a negative urine pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to first dose of study treatment. Non-childbearing is defined as greater than one year postmenopausal or surgically sterilized.
Key Exclusion Criteria

Key Exclusion Criteria

A patient will not be eligible for participation in this study if any of the following criteria apply.

Patients with CNS metastases with the following exceptions:

  • Patient untreated CNS metastases with 4 or fewer sites of disease, with no single site larger than 20mm, are eligible if they are asymptomatic and not requiring steroids at any dose. Patients with asymptomatic CNS metastases may be treated with radiosurgery before or during therapy on trial without treatment delays.
  • Patients with treated, symptomatic CNS metastases are eligible if they are neurologically returned to baseline (except for residual signs or symptoms related to the CNS treatment) for at least 2 weeks prior to registration AND either off corticosteroids, or on a stable or decreasing dose of ≤ 10 mg daily prednisone (or equivalent).
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrollable supraventricular arrhythmias, any history of a ventricular arrhythmia, or other clinical signs of severe cardiac dysfunction
  • Symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of enrollment
  • Known autoimmune disease requiring active treatment.
  • History of interstitial lung disease and/or immune mediated pneumonitis
  • Known HIV-positive
  • Active systemic infection requiring parenteral antibiotic therapy
  • Positive hepatitis C serology or active hepatitis B infection
  • Any ongoing toxicity from prior anti-cancer treatment that, in the judgement of the investigator, may interfere with study treatment. All toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy other than alopecia and fatigue must resolve to grade 1 (NCI CTCAE version 4) or baseline prior to enrollment. Eligible patients must not require more than 10 mg/day prednisone (or equivalent dose).
  • Previous malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers, in situ bladder cancer, in situ gastric or in situ colon cancers, in situ cervical cancers/dysplasia or breast carcinoma in situ) unless a complete remission was achieved at least 1 year prior to study entry and no additional therapy is required or anticipated to be required during the study period
  • No other illness that in the opinion of the investigator would exclude the subject from participating in the study
  • Patients in which treatment with PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor is contraindicated
  • Patients who have received another investigational agent within the previous 3 months
  • Women who are pregnant or nursing
Learn More

Learn More

To learn more, visit ClinicalTrials.Gov

Study Type

Phase II

Principal Investigator(s)

Vikas Dembla, MD

Sponsor(s)

Altor BioScience

Contact Us

Contact Us

To participate in this study, please contact Sue Stanley, RN at
864-560-7252
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