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Multiple Myeloma, Refractory to Lenalidomide (A061202)

A Phase I/II Study of Pomalidomide, Dexamethasone and Ixazomib Vs Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone for Patients with Multiple Myeloma Refractory to Lenalidomide and Proteasome Inhibitor-Based Therapy



This randomized phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of pomalidomide and ixazomib when given together with dexamethasone and to see how well pomalidomide and dexamethasone with or without ixazomib works in treating patients with multiple myeloma that has come back. Biological therapies, such as pomalidomide and dexamethasone, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Ixazomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether pomalidomide and dexamethasone are more effective with or without ixazomib in treating multiple myeloma.

Key Inclusion Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria

For a patient to be eligible for participation in this study, all of the following criteria must apply.

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of symptomatic multiple myeloma; relapsed disease is myeloma that has previously responded to prior therapy (MR or better) and subsequently progressed
  • Patient must have measurable disease or non-measurable disease, defined as one or more of the following holding true:
    • Measurable disease:
      • Involved serum free light chain level >= 10 mg/dL AND an abnormal serum free light chain ratio
      • Urine M-protein >= 200 mg/24 hours and/or
      • Serum M-protein >= 1.0 g/dL (>= 0.5 g/dL for IgA or IgM myeloma) and/or
      • For non-measurable disease:
        • Baseline marrow burden of myeloma of at least 30%
  • Progression on lenalidomide as part of first line therapy (lenalidomide-refractory disease)
    • Lenalidomide-refractory disease is defined as disease progression on or progression within 60 days of the last dose of a lenalidomide-based treatment; patients should have received at least 2 cycles of a lenalidomide-based regimen to be evaluable for refractoriness; examples: 1) progression on lenalidomide maintenance therapy after initial induction +/- consolidation; 2) initial response followed by progression on continuous lenalidomide-dexamethasone +/- elotuzumab or daratumumab
  • Pomalidomide naive disease
    • Proteasome inhibitor naive or sensitive disease; proteasome inhibitor sensitive disease is defined as a PR or better to prior proteasome inhibitor-based therapy that is maintained for >= 60 days from the last dose of the proteasome inhibitor
  • * A patient who receives induction therapy with lenalidomide, bortezomib and dexamethasone and achieves a PR or better but subsequently progresses on continued lenalidomide or lenalidomide-dexamethasone would be eligible provided the progression occurs 60 days or more after discontinuation of the bortezomib; similarly, ixazomib exposure is allowed provided they meet the definition of proteasome inhibitor sensitive disease
  • 1 prior line of systemic therapy for multiple myeloma, where a line of therapy for myeloma is defined as 1 or more planned cycles of single agent or combination therapy, as well as a planned series of treatment regimens administered in a sequential manner (e.g. lenalidomide, bortezomib and dexamethasone induction therapy for 4 cycles followed by autologous stem cell transplantation and then lenalidomide maintenance therapy would be considered 1 line of prior therapy); a new line of therapy begins when a planned therapy is modified to include other treatment agents (alone or in combination) as a result of disease progression, disease relapse or treatment-related toxicity (e.g. a patient is progressing in the face of lenalidomide maintenance therapy and has bortezomib and dexamethasone added into their regimen); a new line of therapy also begins when a planned treatment-free interval is interrupted by the need to start treatment due to disease relapse/progression (e.g. a patient with relapsed myeloma achieves a partial response after a planned 8 cycles of cyclophosphamide, bortezomib and dexamethasone, enjoys an 8-month period off therapy but then experiences disease progression requiring re-initiation of therapy)
  • Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is allowed provided the patient is >= 1 year from transplant at time of registration, is not on immunosuppressive therapy to treat/prevent graft-versus-host disease, has no evidence of active graft versus host disease, and no evidence of active infection
  • No other chemotherapy or radiation therapy within 14 days prior to registration
  • No investigational therapy within 14 days prior to registration
  • No major surgery within 28 days prior to registration
  • No G-CSF (filgrastim) or GM-CSF (sargramostim) within 7 days of registration or pegfilgrastim within 14 days of registration to meet eligibility criteria
  • No platelet transfusions within 7 days of registration to meet eligibility criteria; Note: red blood cell transfusions are allowed at any time
  • A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
    • Women of childbearing potential:
      • Must agree to not become pregnant or breast feed a child during treatment on this protocol
      • Must agree to ongoing pregnancy testing
      • Must either commit to complete abstinence from heterosexual contact or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective (barrier) method, AT THE SAME TIME, before starting pomalidomide
      • Must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mlU/ml no more than 14 days prior to registration and must agree to repeat this test within 24 hours of starting pomalidomide
      • Men must practice complete abstinence or agree to use a condom during sexual contact with a female of childbearing potential, even if they have had a successful vasectomy
      • Note: All participants must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.0 x 10^9/L
  • Platelet count >= 50 x 10^9/L
  • Calculated (Calc.) creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min; calculated utilizing the Cockcroft-Gault formula or 24-hour urine collection
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
  • Note: G-CSF and platelet transfusions cannot be used to increase counts to meet eligibility criteria
  • Patients cannot have:
    • Central nerve system involvement
    • Primary refractory multiple myeloma, where primary refractory multiple myeloma is defined as disease that is nonresponsive - patients who have never achieved a minimal response (MR) or better - with any therapy over the course of their disease; it includes patients who never achieve MR or better in whom there is no significant change in M-protein and no evidence of clinical progression as well as patients who meet criteria for true progressive disease (PD)
    • Primary or secondary plasma cell leukemia
    • Light-chain (AL) amyloidosis or polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome
    • Known active hepatitis C based on:
      • +hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody (confirmed)
      • +HCV RNA
      • Liver disease with history of positive serology
      • Note: patients with a prior history of hepatitis C that has been successfully eradicated with antiviral therapy are eligible
    • Known hepatitis B surface antigen positivity
    • Previous hypersensitivity to any of the components of the study treatment
    • Prior history of erythema multiforme with thalidomide or lenalidomide treatment
  • =< grade 2 peripheral neuropathy
  • Adequate cardiac function, defined as:
    • No electrocardiogram (EKG) evidence of acute ischemia
    • No EKG evidence of active, clinically significant conduction system abnormalities
    • No EKG evidence of > grade 2 (> 480 ms) corrected QT (QTc) prolongation
    • Prior to study entry, any EKG abnormality at screening not felt to put the patient at risk has to be documented by the investigator as not medically significant
    • No uncontrolled angina or severe ventricular arrhythmias
    • No clinically significant pericardial disease
    • No history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration
    • No class 3 or higher New York Heart Association congestive heart failure
    • No strong inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 or CYP1A2 or strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 or CYP1A2 within 14 days prior to registration
      • Note: Ixazomib is a substrate of CYP3A4 and CYP1A2
    • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are eligible, provided they meet the following:
      • No history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining conditions or other HIV related illness
      • Cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ cells nadirs > 350/mm^3 within 28 days prior to registration
      • Treatment sensitive HIV and, if on anti-HIV therapy, HIV viral load < 50 copies/mm^3 within 28 days prior to registration
      • Note: HIV+ patients who enroll on this study and are assigned to treatment with ixazomib may need to modify their anti-retroviral therapy prior to receiving protocol therapy if they are on strong inducers or potent inhibitors of cytochrome P450 3A4
Learn More

Learn More

To learn more, visit ClinicalTrials.Gov

Study Type

Phase II


Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology